On the empty tomb motif, see Robert H. Stein, “Was the Tomb Really Empty?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society (JETS) 20 (1977), pp. 23–29; Fergus Kerr, “Recent Catholic Writing on the Resurrection. (1) The Empty Tomb Story,” New Blackfriars 58 (1977), 453–461; Antonio Cordoba, “Relatos de la tumba vacia,” Mayéutica 3 (1977), pp. 297–328; Gerald O’Mahony, “The Empty Tomb,” Clergy Review 63 (6, 1987), pp. 207–210; Kenneth Grayston, “The Empty Tomb,” Expository New Times 92 (1981), pp. 263–267; Rudolph Pesch, “Das ‘leere Grab’ und der Glaube an Jesu Auferstehung,” International Katholische Zeitschrift/Communio (IKZ/C) 11(1982), pp. 6–20; and Barnabas Lindars, “Jesus Risen: Bodily Resurrection But No Empty Tomb,” Theology 89 (1986), pp. 90–96. On the uniqueness of the appearance to Peter in John 21, see Paul S. Minear, “The Original Functions of John 21, ” Journal of Biblical Literature 102 (1983), pp. 85–98.