See C. Umhau Wolf, “Traces of Primitive Democracy in Ancient Israel,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 6 (1947), pp. 98–108; Joshua Berman, Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2008); William F. Albright, The Archaeology of Palestine (Harmondsworth, 1961); Frank M. Cross, “Reuben, First-Born of Jacob,” Zeitschrift fur die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 100, Supplement (1988), pp. 46–65.