For general orientation to the problems of writing a history of ancient Israel, see the essays in Israelite and Judaean History, edited by John H. Hayes and J. Maxwell Miller (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1977); specifically on archaeology and the patriarchs, see my essay, “The Patriarchal Traditions: Palestine in the Second Millennium B.C.E.: The Archaeological Picture,” pp. 70–120. See also Miller, The Old Testament and the Historian (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976).