Most Pentateuchal sources came from Jerusalem circles, although the fragmentary Elohist materials in Genesis and Exodus probably had a northern origin, and the authors of Deuteronomy may have drawn heavily upon traditions brought back from the north by refugees from the destruction of Samaria. The Deuteronomistic History (Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings) and the Chronicler’s History(1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah) are both also from Jerusalem circles. Other considerations tempered the perspectives of the royal Davidic theology in each of these witnesses, however.