The Roman camp at Palmyra was founded by Diocletian in the late third century C.E. The camp was located in the populated western part of the city and surrounded by a defense wall. A large variety of material finds was revealed in excavations at the site; Kazimierz Michalowski, Fouilles Polonaises, vols. 1–4 (Warsaw: Panstwowe Wydawn. Naukowe, 1960–1966).