See Franken and Steiner, Excavations in Jerusalem, 1961–1967, vol. 2, The Iron Age Extramural Quarter on the South-east Hill (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990), pp. 50–56; Shiloh, Excavations at the City of David, pp. 26–29; Steiner, “A Note on the Iron Age Defense Wall on the Ophel Hill of Jerusalem,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 118 (1986), pp. 27–32, and “The Earliest City Wall of Jerusalem,” Israel Exploration Journal 38 (1988), pp. 203–204.