The normative model of culture is discussed in many of the essays collected in Lewis R. Binford, An Archaeological Perspective (New York: Seminar Press, 1972). See also Collin Renfrew, “Space, Time and Polity,” Approaches to Social Archaeology (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984), pp. 33–39. One of the best expositions of this model in the archaeology of Palestine is Kenyon’s textbook Archaeology of the Holy Land, 4th ed. (London: Ernest Benn, 1979).