The scholarly debate as to whether the biblical city referred to as Raamses is the same as Pi-Ramesses in Egyptian records has been resolved to the satisfaction of most scholars. Manfred Bietak has shown that the “Pi-” drops off in various grammatical situations. See his “Comments on Exodus,” in Anson F. Rainey, ed., Egypt, Israel, and Sinai (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv Univ. Press, 1987), pp. 163–171.