Late Jewish sources identified the site with Ramah, Samuel’s home and burial place: “Samuel died, and all Israel gathered and made lament for him, and they buried him in Ramah, his home” (1 Samuel 25:1; 28:3). Samuel’s parents, Elkanah and Hannah, came from Ramathaim-zophim, in the Ephraim hill country (1 Samuel 1:1), but at some point Samuel went from his parent’s house to dwell in Ramah in Benjamin.

Some scholars have also identified Nebi Samwil with Beeroth, one of the Gibeonite cities (Joshua 9:17) and even with Gibeon, where Solomon offered sacrifices (1 Kings 3:4).