This article is excerpted from Oren Gutfeld, Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem Conducted by Nahman Avigad, 1969–1982, Vol. V: The Cardo (Area X) and the Nea Church (Areas D and T), Final Report (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2012). Special thanks go to the Shelby White-Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publications, which for many years provided the resources that enabled the processing and publication of the finds from the Jewish Quarter Excavations.