Adapted from William W. Hallo, “The Origins of Sacrificial Cult: New Evidence from Mesopotamia and Israel,” in Patrick D. Miller, Jr., Paul D. Hanson and S. Dean McBride, eds., Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987), reprinted in William W. Hallo, Origins: The Ancient Near Eastern Background of Some Modern Western Institutions (Leiden; New York: Brill, 1996), pp. 212–221, and in William W. Hallo, The World’s Oldest Literature: Studies in Sumerian Belles-Lettres (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010), pp. 517–528.