This platform, according to the excavator, was built by the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius (138–161 C.E.) to elevate the temple of Zeus erected by him. In the past, it was supposed that the temple of Zeus had been built by Hadrian (117–138); but this claim is based on medieval Samaritan chronicles and is not borne out by the archaeological finds. For more details, see Magen’s articles cited above and Reinhard Pummer, Samaritans, Iconography of Religions, 23.5 Leiden: Brill, 1987), pp. 9, 33–35, and “Samaritan Material Remains and Archaeology,” in The Samaritans, ed. Alan D. Crown (Tübingen, Germ.: J.C.B. Mohr, 1989), pp. 157–169.