William Straus and A. Cave, in “Pathology and Posture of Neanderthal Man” (Quarterly Review of Biology 32 [1957], p. 348), write that if a Neandertal man were “reincarnated and placed in a New York subway—provided he were bathed, shaved, and dressed in modern clothing—it is doubtful he would attract any more attention than some of its other denizens.”