The Holy Land also appears in a fourth-century administrative road map of the Roman-Byzantine Empire, known only from medieval copies. See Herbert Donner, The Mosaic Map of Madaba—An Introductory Guide, Palaestina antiqua 7 (Kampen, the Netherlands: Kok Pharos, 1992).
For an earlier study of the map, see Michael Avi-Yonah, The Madaba Mosaic Map (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1954).