The so-called Theodotos inscription was found during excavations in 1913–1914; for the most recent detailed discussion see Lea Roth-Gerson, The Greek Inscriptions from the Synagogues in Eretz-Israel (Jerusalem: Yad Itzhak Ben-Zvi, 1987), pp. 76–86 (in Hebrew); for an English translation, see Lee I. Levine, “The Second Temple Synagogue: The Formative Years,” in The Synagogue in Late Antiquity, ed. Levine (Philadelphia: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1987), p. 17.