Although God is not explicitly mentioned in Esther, God is assuredly referred to in Esther 4:14, where Mordecai says to Queen Esther, “For, if you persist in keeping silent at a time like this, relief and deliverance will appear for the Jews from another quarter; but you and your family will perish. It’s possible that you came to the throne for just such a time as this.” For a brief discussion of this verse, see my Esther: Introduction, Translation, and Notes, Anchor Bible 7B (Garden City: Doubleday, 1971), p. 50.