See Shaye J.D. Cohen, “The Place of the Rabbi in Jewish Society of the Second Century,” in Lee I. Levine, ed., The Galilee in Late Antiquity (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary; Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1992), pp. 157–173; and Lee I. Levine, “The Sages and the Synagogue in Late Antiquity: The Evidence of the Galilee,” in The Galilee in Late Antiquity, pp. 201–222.