David Ayalon “The Mamluks and Naval Power—a Phase of the Struggle between Islam and Christian Europe,” Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, vol. I (Jerusalem, 1965), pp. 1–12. Also “Islam versus Christian Europe: the Case of the Holy Land,” in Pillars of Smoke and Fire: the Holy Land in History and Thought, ed. Moshe Sharon (Johannesburg, 1988), pp. 247–256.