See, for example, Finkelstein, The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement; “The Emergence of Israel in Canaan: Consensus, Mainstream and Dispute,” Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 2 (1991), pp. 47–59; Lawrence E. Stager, “Merneptah, Israel and Sea Peoples: New Light on an Old Relief,” Eretz-Israel 18 (1985), pp. 56*–64*; Volkmar Fritz, “Conquest or Settlement? The Early Iron Age in Palestine,” Biblical Archaeologist 50 (1987), pp. 84–100; Dever, Recent Archaeological Discoveries, Chapter 2; “Cultural Continuity, Ethnicity in the Archaeological Record, and the Question of Israelite Origins,” Eretz-Israel 24 (1993), pp. 22*–33*; and the collection of papers in Finkelstein and Na’aman, eds., From Nomadism to Monarchy; For a review of recent research, see Hershel Shanks, William G. Dever, Baruch Halpern and P. Kyle McCarter, Jr., The Rise of Ancient Israel (Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1992), especially the papers by Shanks, pp. 1–23, and Dever, pp. 26–60.