First proposed by Gerard Seiterle, “Artemis, die grosse Göttin von Ephesos,” Antike Welt 10 (1979), pp. 3–16; followed by Robert Fleischer, “Neues zu kleinasiatischen Kultstatuen,” Archaeolögischer Anzeiger (1983), pp. 81–93; and recently by Guy MacLean Rogers, The Mysteries of Artemis of Ephesos. Cult, Polis, and Change in the Greco-Roman World (New Haven and London: Yale Univ. Press, 2012), p. 119. For a survey of the Mother Goddess figure and her relation to Ephesian Artemis, see James R. Edwards, “Galatians 5:12: Circumcision, the Mother Goddess, and the Scandal of the Cross,” Novum Testamentum 53 (2011), pp. 319–337.