For the following description of the battle, I am indebted to the accounts found in W.M. Flinders Petrie, A History of Egypt, Volume II: A History of Egypt during the XVIIth and XVIIIth Dynasties (London: Methuen and Co., 1904); James Henry Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1906); R.O. Faulkner, “The Battle of Megiddo,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 28 (1942), pp. 2–15; John F.C. Fuller, A Military History of the Western World: From the Earliest Times to the Battle of Lepanto (New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1954–1956); James B. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969); Graham I. Davies, Megiddo (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1986); and Israel Finkelstein and David Ussishkin, “Back to Megiddo,” BAR 20:01.