Antiochus’ decrees (1 Maccabees 1:16–63; 2 Maccabees 5–7; War 1.34–35; Antiquities 12.242–264); “Hasmonean” (Antiquities 12.265; War 1.36). For Judas’s nickname see 2 Maccabees 8:1, which was used as a name for his family as well. Scholars continue to debate the reasons for Antiochus’s proscription of Judaism and the extent to which many Jews had embraced Hellenism at this time. See further Lee I. Levine, “The Age of Hellenism: Alexander the Great and the Rise and Fall of the Hasmonean Kingdom,” in H. Shanks, ed., Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple, rev. and expanded (Washington D.C./Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Biblical Archaeology Society & Prentice Hall, 1999), pp. 231–251.