Justin Martyr (second century), Dialogue with Trypho (100.5) wrote, “… Eve, being a virgin and uncorrupt … brought forth disobedience and death. But Mary the Virgin … [gave birth to him] … by whom God destroys both.” See Marina Warner, Alone of All Her Sex (New York: Vintage, 1983), pp. 59–61. For Mary as the Church personified, see Warner, Alone, p. 18.