Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 17.23–31. For a discussion on the settlers in Herod’s time, see Shimon Applebaum, “The Troopers of Zamaris,” in Studies in the History of the Jewish People and the land of Israel, ed. A. Gilboa et al. (Haifa: Haifa Univ. Press, 1970), pp. 79–89 (in Hebrew, English summary).