Umberto Cassuto notes that the dual function of serving and keeping/guarding are similarly juxtaposed in the Babylonian creation epic. A cuneiform fragment states that “mankind was created with the blood of Kingu in order to serve the Gods, and in consequence the Anunnaki, deities of the second rank, on whom the service of the supreme gods had hitherto devolved, were released from this duty, and instead they were given the task of guarding,” in Umberto Cassuto, A Commentary on the Book of Genesis, Part I, trans. by Israel Adams (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1961), p. 123.