L. Singer-Avitz, “The Qurayyah Painted Ware,” in D. Ussishkin, ed., The Renewed Archaeological Excavations at Lachish (19731994), vol. III (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 2004), pp. 1280–1287; L. Singer-Avitz, “Kadesh-Barnea,” Tel Aviv 35 (2008), pp. 73–81; L. Singer-Avitz, “The Date of the Qurayyah Painted Ware in the Southern Levant,” Antiguo Oriente 12 (2014), pp. 123–147.

The dating is based on a number of sites: Qurayyah Painted Ware has recently been found in Tayma in the Arabian Peninsula by a Saudi-German expedition that dates mainly to the 12th–11th centuries, and its main phase of production came to an end before the end of the 11th century (A. Hausleiter [with a contribution by M. Daszkiewicz], “Pottery Groups of the Late 2nd/Early 1st Millennia BC in Northwest Arabia and New Evidence from the Excavations at Tayma,” in M. Luciani and A. Hausleiter, eds., Recent Trends in the Study of Late Bronze Age Ceramics in Syro-Mesopotamia and Neighbouring Regions: Proceedings of the International Workshop in Berlin, 2–5 November 2006, Orient-Archäologie 32 [Rahden/Westf: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 2014], pp. 399–434). The Hathor temple in Timna was in use until the time of Ramesses V in the 12th century, while the activity in the copper mines apparently came to an end even later. Two vessels were uncovered in the contemporary small fortress of Yotvata, located in the Aravah, a short distance to the north of Timna. Among the sites situated further north where specimens of this pottery were found we shall mention the beautiful vessels found in Lachish, in the foundation fills of the Judean Palace-Fort, and in a Late Bronze tomb in Tell Jedur in the Hebron Hill.

Significantly, as in Kadesh-Barnea, isolated fragments of Qurayyah Painted Ware were discovered in various sites in the context of later strata. This fact caused some scholars to conclude that this pottery group continued to be produced and used after the 11th century B.C.E. We believe that this is not so.