Yohanan Aharoni, “Megiddo,” in Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, ed. Michael Avi-Yonah and Ephraim Stern (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and Masada Press, 1977), vol. 3, p. 831; Aharon Kempinski, Megiddo: A City-State and Royal Centre in North Israel (Munich: Beck, 1989), pp. 15, 107; Israel Finkelstein and David Ussishkin, “Back to Megiddo,” BAR 20:01; Mounce, Book of Revelation, p. 301 and n. 55.