According to the “revolt” model, indigenous, lower-class, underprivileged elements of the Canaanite peasant population rebelled against the urban oligarchy. This peasant revolt constituted the Israelite “conquest,” according to Gottwald. See Norman K. Gottwald, “Were the Early Israelites Pastoral Nomads?” BAR 04:02. See also Gottwald’s review of John Bright’s History of Israel in a forthcoming issue of BAR (“John Bright’s New Revision Of A History Of Israel,” BAR 08:04).