The Talmud (tahl-MOOD), literally “teaching,” consists of laws and discussion by generations of scholars. It comprises tractates of the Mishnah (a compilation of laws collected and edited by Rabbi Judah the Prince about 200 C.E.) and the Gemara (a discussion of the Mishnah), sometimes by itself called the Talmud. (For additional details, see the sidebar “Entry into Rabbinic Literature.”)