Talmud is often used in different ways. It may refer to the Gemorah or commentary attached to sections of the Mishnah; it may refer to the compendium of the Mishnah and Gemorah, and in this sense includes two versions, the Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) and the Palestinian or Jerusalem Talmud (Yerushalmi). It is sometimes used rather loosely, as Professor Sanders may be using it here, and as for example in Neusner’s use of the phrase “talmudic history” to refer to the broader corpus of rabbinic classics of the period.