Zahi Hawass

A member of the excavation team at Giza displays a figurine depicting an overseer of pyramid workers. Constructed during Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty (2575–2465 B.C.), the Giza pyramids required work crews numbering in the thousands, but so far history has been silent about them. Recent discoveries at Giza, however, now give the workers a voice. Zahi Hawass (“Who Really Built the Pyramids?”) explains what the excavations of a cemetery—in which the men and women who built and maintained the pyramids were laid to rest—tell us about these forgotten masses.