Photo by Jane Taylor/Sonia Halliday Photographs

First excavated in 1974 by Philip Hammond of the University of Utah, the Temple of the Winged Lions exemplifies the Nabataeans’ box-in-a-box construction, in which an altar is surrounded by a screen wall. Ringed by workshops, annexes and courtyards, the temple gets its name from the winged-lion figurines that grace its limestone capitals. The deity worshiped here remains in question, but cultic objects recovered from the site suggest the Nabataean goddess al-Uzza.