Art Resource, NY/Artists Rights Society

A notorious womanizer and sybarite, Picasso identified strongly with the lecherous Greek shepherd-god, Pan (shown here). A satyr-like deity, with the horns and hooves of a goat, Pan was renowned for his love of sex and music, as well as for his well-developed sense of mischief. In this simple but vibrant 1946 painting, The Flute, the god is shown playing his favorite instrument.