Amelia Edwards/A Thousand Miles Up the Nile

As she journeyed up the Nile, Edwards sketched many of the archaeological sites she saw, including the second-millennium B.C., rock-cut Temple of Nefertari and Hathor at Abu Simbel in Upper Egypt. The accuracy and detail of Edward’s drawings conveyed her growing interest in “scientific archaeology,” an interest that would ultimately compel her to found Victorian England’s preeminent archaeological society—the Egypt Exploration Fund.