Courtesy of the J. Paul Getty Museum (

Images of naked female deities disappeared from Greek art until the fourth century B.C., when sculptors began creating much more modest depictions of Aphrodite (similar to the figure of Venus shown at the beginning of this article). Only female slaves and mythological figures in grave danger were depicted in explicit, full-frontal nakedness—as in this detail from a sixth-century B.C. red-figure cup signed by Euphronios.