O. Louis Mazzatenta, Courtesy of the National Geographic Society

Ramesses the Great, restorer of the realm, is shown in this 40-inch-high painted limestone relief, now in the Egyptian Museum. Wearing the so-called blue crown, Ramesses smites enemies who can be identified by their facial features: a dark Nubian, a bearded Libyan (front figure) and a Syrian—the latter two raising their arms to beg for mercy.