The Art Archive/Dagli Orti

A Minoan woman bears an offering jug in this detail from a fresco now adorning the South Propylon (monumental gateway) of the Knossos palace. The reconstruction of this gateway by Arthur Evans remains controversial; the jug-bearer fresco shown here, for instance, is actually a copy of a fresco excavated by Evans, who did not really know where it had originally been installed. Wall painting on Crete became an eloquent pictorial art form in the 17th century B.C.