University of Pennsylvania Museum (AD1999-182)

Only the capitals and upper columns of the hypostyle hall of Esna’s first-century A.D. temple, dedicated to the ram-god Khnum, were visible when Felix Bonfils photographed the building around 1875. The hall was first cleared of debris in the late 19th century by the archaeologist Auguste Mariette. The rest of the Greco-Roman temple remains buried beneath modern buildings.