Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow

Solon of Athens (left) and Thales of Miletus (right) offer advice on things excremental on the painted walls of a changing room in Ostia’s Baths of the Seven Sages. Solon advises that you rub your stomach in order to “crap well.” Thales wisely notes that those who are constipated should “struggle very hard” to relieve themselves.