ON THE COVER: The copper serpent with gilded head found in the Midianite shrine of the Hathor temple at Timna. The gold still clings around the head and eyes of the sleek 5 inch snake.

The goddess Hathor. The Egyptian miners at Timna dedicated their temple to Hathor. Many representations of this cow-eared goddess were found at the site, but none so exquisite as this small faience votive mask.