The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania

Gibeon—Jar handles inscribed with the word “Gibeon” were found in the debris of the water shaft. Written from right to left in 7th century B.C. Hebrew script, many of the inscriptions on the handles have next to the word “Gibeon” the phrase, “the enclosed vineyard” and the name of the owner of the vineyard. The discovery of an extensive wine production and storage complex at Gibeon confirmed that the Gibeonites stored wine in the jars to which the inscribed handles were once attached.