Fred Anderegg; from Erwin R. Goodenough, Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, Bollingen Series XXXVII. Vol 11: Symbolism in the Dura Synagogue, © 1964 by Princeton University Press. Plate III reproduced by permission.

The western wall of the Dura-Europos synagogue is the best preserved. In the center is the Torah Shrine. To the right is a 5-stepped seat of honor. Counterclockwise to the left of the Torah Shrine are: Haman leading Mordecai on a horse and an enthroned King Ahasuerus with Queen Esther; Elijah reviving the widow’s son (1 Kings 17); Moses smiting the rock at Meribah with the twelve tribes around him (Numbers 20); Aaron in the red cloak standing by the tabernacle; one of four portraits which has not been identified with certainty (probably Moses or Abraham). Counterclockwise to the right of the Torah Shrine are: the prophet Samuel anointing Saul, the first King of Israel; Pharaoh’s daughter rescuing the infant Moses from the Nile and showing him to Pharaoh; the returning ark after it was captured by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4); Solomon’s Temple; Ezra or Moses reading the law. Above the Torah Shrine is an obscure, difficult, overpainted picture whose meaning is unclear.