Phillip Alexius Laszlo/National Portrait Gallery in London

ON THE COVER: Sir Flinders Petrie’s portrait was painted by Phillip Alexius Laszlo and today hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London.

During his long life, Flinders Petrie, laid the foundation for modern archaeology in the Near East. Petrie observed that ancient pottery occurred in families of forms and that these forms evolved gradually over time. He linked successions of related pottery assemblages to particular historical periods. His pioneering insights led archaeologists to use pottery to date the strata in which they were found (See “Sir Flinders Petrie: Father of Palestinian Archaeology.”)