Nahshon Sneh

The earliest fortress at Kadesh-Barnea. (10th century B.C.), like the latest (7th century B.C.), was surrounded by a casemate wall—two parallel walls with dividing walls at irregular intervals which form internal rooms. A portion of the parallel casemate walls from the 10th century fortress, with two perpendicular dividing walls, is seen here. Note that the parallel walls going from the bottom to the top of the picture are curved, which suggests that the 10th century fortress was built on an oval plan, similar to the plan at Ein-Qedeis.