Avraham Biran and Zev Radovan/© Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion

The mudbrick towers of the Middle Bronze gate rested on massive stone foundations. Note the condition of the mudbricks both inside and outside the northern tower and the white plaster traces which remain from the original plaster coating of the tower. The remarkable preservation of these bricks for nearly 4,000 years can be explained by the fact that the entire gateway was buried shortly after its construction and incorporated into a huge defensive rampart which surrounded the city.