© Helfried Weyer

The Egyptian goddess Hathor was called the “Lady of the Turquoise” in inscriptions at Serabit el-Khadem, a 2,800-foot high plateau in south central Sinai, famous for its turquoise mines. Patroness of the Serabit mines, Hathor was often depicted in statues or reliefs as a cow or with cow’s ears. Hathor was the only goddess to whom the Egyptians dedicated a temple in Sinai.