Courtesy Yizhar Hirschfeld

Small Oval Pool: An arched entry passage, top right, leads from the large oval pool to the small oval pool. Remodeling in the late Byzantine period produced the clearly oval structure we see today, although outlines of the original rectangular shape survive.

The hot spring of Hammat Gader, upper left, still flows into the remains of the rectangular tank and the circular tank constructed millennia ago to contain it; as water rose in these tanks, sufficient pressure built up to ensure a flow to the different pools of the bath complex. The rectangular tank, two walls of which are still visible, was built in the late second century A.D. Later, in Byzantine times, the 12.5-foot-diameter circular tank was constructed, probably after an earthquake had damaged the rectangular tank.