Hans Namuth/Photo Researchers

Towering reliefs carved on the temple of Edfu display their historical record even at a distance. The reliefs recount the ritual in which the falcon-god Horus defeated his enemy Seth. Dating to the second or first century B.C., the temple in Upper Egypt’s Nile Valley attests the strength of the cult of Horus at Edfu. A community of Jews living at Edfu in the second century B.C. may have brought Psalm 20 to Egypt, where it was used in a prayer to Horus and other deities.