Richard Nowitz

Tons of earth were removed by archaeologists to reveal a patchwork of remains from different historical periods. Here, along the Temple Mount’s 900-foot-long southern wall, Herodian structures mingle with early Iron Age structures and later Byzantine, Persian, Turkish, Crusader, Mameluke and Ottoman buildings, while traffic on the modern road to Jericho cruises by. Byzantine houses are at the far left.

The excavations continue around the southwest corner and along the western wall, covering a total of nine acres.