Avraham Hay

Restoring the fortress. Stones toppled by weathering and by ancient conquerors are placed in the reconstructed fortress wall at Arad. Just in front of the two workers in the foreground, one of the wall’s insets can be seen. Originally, cross walls may have been built at these insets to strengthen the double fortress wall.

First built as a casemate wall—a thick double wall with interior cross walls creating rooms—it was filled in as seen here in the ninth century B.C.